دعنا نتعرف على انواع شركات الفوركس وميزاتها
ECN ( Electronic-Communication-Network ) شركات الفوركس
هذا النوع من الشركات هو افضل انواع شركات الفوركس
عندما يدخل المتداول ويطلب صفقة تقوم شركة الفوركس برفع الطلب الى سيفر
يوفر جميع عروض الاسعار تقريبا ويختار اقل سعر لتنفيذ العملية وذلك لصالح المتادول
اما شركات ذات التصنيف STP ( Straight-Through-Processing )
فتكون مربوطه مع جهة واحدة تقدم سعر واحد عند قيام المتداول بتنفيذ طلب يرفع لهذه الجهة و ينفذ بالسعر المطروح من قبلها
وهنالك النوع الثالث وهو الرائج هذه الأيام يسمى market maker
وهو من يقوم بالشراء منك عند طلبك ولذلك يقال انك كلما ربحت هم يخسرون وكلما خسرت هم يربحون
لذلك اختيار شركات الفوركس اهم ما تقوم به هو إختيار شركات موثوقه
هنالك شركات تستعمل اكثرمن طريقة مع عملائها
What is an ECN/STP Brokerage?
ECN/STP brokerages, are also known as No-Dealing Desk brokerages. These brokerages simply act as agents for their clients either passing trades straight through to their liquidity providers (known as Straight-Through-Processing) or are matched up with other traders using the brokerages ECN (Electronic Communication Network.ECN/STP brokerages are preferred by many traders, as this execution model allows a brokerage to make a profit regardless of whether a trader is profitable or not. This is due to the fact that the brokerage never takes the other side of a client’s trade and simply passes the risk onto a liquidity provider or trading using the firm’s Electronic-Communication-Network (ECN) – this is known as ‘A-booking’ a client’s trade.
Market Makers or Dealing Desk brokerages in contrast do not pass all trades onto liquidity providers or other traders, but on occasion take the other side of trader’s position (this is known as ‘B-booking’ a client). This can often mean that the brokerage’s profits are equal to the trader’s losses. This is thought to introduce an unpalatable conflict of interest, which many traders believe could lead to brokerages using manipulative tactics to remain profitable. There is no such conflict of interest with genuine STP/ECN brokerages, with the brokerage making profit by marking up the spread or charging commission. In fact, ECN/STP brokerages want traders to profit, with traders continued business allowing the brokerage to continue to profit from the spread mark-up/commission charged.
ECN/STP brokerages are also favoured by traders, as these firms often able to offer more competitive spreads. Market Makers typically offer wider spreads as this is one way in which they can manage risk, though this is not true of all Market Makers. ECN/STP brokers pass many trades onto liquidity providers who are able to offer very tight spreads due to the huge volumes they are dealing in, meaning under standard market conditions spreads tend to be much tighter.
Brokerages that operate an ECN can often go a step further and allow traders to benefit from Spreads starting at 0 pips, with the brokerage matching up traders who want to take opposite positions in a particular instrument. These brokerages then profit by charging the traders involved commission for taking advantage of the brokerages Electronic-Communication-Network (ECN).